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  • 生物安全实验室装修需要满足哪些条件?
    来源:http://www.hnsfk.com 浏览: 发布日期:2018-09-28
    一、总则
    First, general rule
    1、实验室生物安全防护的内容包括安全设备、个体防护装置和措施(一级防护),实验室的特殊设计和建设要求(二级防护),严格的管理制度和标准化的操作程序及规程。
    1. The contents of laboratory biosafety protection include safety equipment, individual protection devices and measures (primary protection), special design and construction requirements (secondary protection), strict management system and standardized operating procedures and procedures.
    2、应将每一特定实验室从立项、建设到使用维护的全过程中有关生物安全防护综合措施的内容编入各实验室的生物安全手册中。必须设有专职的生物安全负责人。
    2. The contents of comprehensive measures for biosafety protection in the whole process of each specific laboratory from project establishment, construction to operation and maintenance should be included in the biosafety manual of each laboratory. There must be a full-time biosafety leader.
    3、生物安全防护实验室根据不同的微生物和防护要求分为四个生物安全防护级别
    3. The biosafety protection laboratory is divided into four biosafety protection levels according to different microorganism and protection requirements.
    二、安全设备和个体防护
    Two, safety equipment and individual protection
    安全设备和个体防护是确保实验室工作人员不与致病微生物及其毒素直接接触的一级屏障
    Safety equipment and personal protection are primary barriers to ensure that laboratory staff are not in direct contact with pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins
    1、生物安全柜是重要的安全设备,形成主要的防护屏障。实验室应按要求分别配备Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ级生物安全柜。所有可能使致病微生物及其毒素溅出或产生气溶胶的操作除实际上不可实施外,都必须在生物安全柜内进行。不得用超净工作台代替生物安全柜。
    实验室装修
    1, biological safety cabinet is the most important safety equipment, forming the most important protective barrier. The laboratories should be equipped with biological safety cabinets of grade I, II and III respectively as required. All operations that may cause pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins to sputter or produce aerosols must be carried out in biosafety cabinets, except in practice. Super clean workbench should not be used instead of biological safety cabinet.
    2、必要时实验室应配备其他安全设备,如设置配有排风净化装置的排气罩等,或采用其他不使致病微生物逸出确保安全的设备。
    2. If necessary, the laboratory should be equipped with other safety equipment, such as the exhaust hood equipped with exhaust air purification device, or other equipment that does not allow pathogenic microorganisms to escape to ensure safety.
    3、实验室所配备的离心机应在生物安全柜或本标准第二条第2小条中所指的其他安全设备中使用,否则必须使用安全密封的专用离心杯。
    3. The centrifuge equipped in the laboratory shall be used in the biosafety cabinet or other safety equipment referred to in Article 2.2 of this Standard, otherwise the special centrifugal cup with safety seal must be used.
    4、必须给实验室工作人员配备必要的个体防护用品。
    4, laboratory workers must be provided with the necessary personal protective equipment.
    生物安全实验室装修
    Biosafety laboratory decoration
    三、实验室设计与建造的特殊要求
    Three. Special requirements for laboratory design and construction
    包括:实验室的选址、平面布置、围护结构、通风空调、安全装置及特殊设备等设计与建造的特殊要求。
    Including: laboratory location, layout, envelope structure, ventilation and air conditioning, safety devices and special equipment design and construction of special requirements.
    四、安全操作规程
    Four. Safe operation procedures
    1、本标准针对不同等级的生物安全防护实验室所规定的安全操作规程,包括标准的安全操作规程和特殊的安全操作规程,必须在各实验室的生物安全手册中明列并加以执行。
    1. The safety operating procedures stipulated in this standard for different levels of biosafety protection laboratories, including standard safety operating procedures and special safety operating procedures, must be listed and implemented in the biosafety manual of each laboratory.
    2、针对不同的微生物及其毒素应补充规定相应的特殊安全操作规程,也应在各实验室的生物安全手册中明列并加以执行。
    2. Specific safety procedures for different microorganisms and their toxins should be supplemented and enforced in laboratory biosafety manuals.
    五、致病微生物及其毒素在实验室之间的传递
    Five. Transmission of pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins in laboratories
    致病微生物及其毒素在实验室之间的传递必须严格按照国家现行有关管理办法执行。
    The transmission of pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins between laboratories must be strictly carried out in accordance with the relevant state regulations.
    更多的关于实验室装修的问题或者详细的内容,请进入我们公司的网站:http://www.hnsfk.com网站中会有很多的内容仅供参考。
    For more information on laboratory renovation, please visit our website: http://www.hnsfk.com. There will be a lot of information for reference only.
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