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  • 微生物实验室设计的要求标准
    来源:http://www.hnsfk.com 浏览: 发布日期:2018-09-20
    (1)无菌室应完全封闭,进出无菌室至少要经两道门,中间隔有缓冲间,无菌室与外间设置一个可开闭的窗口,用于传递器具。
    (1) The sterile room should be completely closed, and the entry and exit of the sterile room should pass through at least two doors, with buffer compartments between them. An open and closed window should be set between the sterile room and the outside for the delivery of equipment.
    (2)无菌室必须保持整洁。工作人员进入无菌室应换专用鞋、专用衣。无菌室使用前须用紫外线消毒30min,操作结束后清洁台面,再用紫外线消毒30min。定期用乳酸或甲醛熏蒸,彻底消毒。
    (2) asepsis room must be kept clean and tidy. Workers entering the asepsis room should exchange special shoes and special clothes. The sterile room should be disinfected with ultraviolet rays for 30 minutes before use, and the table surface should be cleaned after operation, and then disinfected with ultraviolet rays for 30 minutes. Regular use of lactic acid or formaldehyde fumigation, thorough disinfection.
    (3)无菌室仅用于培养基分装等无菌操作,不能进行有菌标本的操作。操作人员操作时应严格关门并戴好专用的口罩与帽子。
    (3) asepsis room is only used for aseptic operation such as media packing and so on. Operators should strictly close their doors and wear special respirators and hats.
    实验室装修
    (4)无菌室内应有空气过滤装置,并安装空调。
    (4) air filters should be installed in sterile rooms and air conditioners should be installed.
    在微生物实验室的操作过程中,有两点是需要特别注意的
    Two points need special attention in the operation of microbiological laboratory.
    由于无菌操作的要求,实验过程中经常使用酒精灯,因此,微生物学实验室不能安装吊扇。为了达到实验所需的适宜温度,尤其:满足某些仪器对温度湿度的要求,实验室应安装空调。
    Owing to the requirement of aseptic operation, alcohol lamp is often used in the process of experiment, so ceiling fan can not be installed in microbiology laboratory. In order to meet the appropriate temperature for the experiment, especially to meet the requirements of temperature and humidity for some instruments, the laboratory should install air conditioning.
    污染物处理:操作区须备有消毒缸,以处理沾有活菌的玻片等污染物品。检验剩余的标本及使用过的带菌平板、试管均须集中地点安全放置,经消毒灭菌处理后再洗涤或丢弃。
    Pollutant treatment: the operating area must be equipped with a disinfecting cylinder to deal with contaminated items such as glass slides with live bacteria. The remaining specimens, used bacterial plates and test tubes should be placed safely in the centralized place, and then washed or discarded after disinfection and sterilization.
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